An Indian spacecraft that was launched last month is now orbiting the moon. It has a mission to discover water deposits near the lunar south pole. The Indian Space Research Organization said it successfully maneuvered Chandrayaan-2, the Sanskrit word for “moon craft” into lunar orbit nearly a month after it left earth. The mission is led by two female scientists. Chandrayaan will continue circling the moon in a tighter orbit until reaching a distance of about 100 kilometers or 62 miles from the surface of the moon.
According to this article the lander will then separate from the orbiter and use rocket fuel to brake as it attempts the first moon landing by an Indian craft on a relatively flat surface located between two craters. This is an area where no moon landing has been attempted before. A rover will study permanently shadowed moon craters that are thought to contain 100 million tons of water, with deposits that were confirmed by India, with the Chandrayaan-1 mission in 2008. Many scientists are now saying that water and mineral deposits could make the moon a good pit stop for further space travel. India is now one of only four countries to land on the moon, with the US, China and Russia being the other three.