Egypt`s Copts, who make up most of the Christian minority in Egypt, have been under attack from IS for years, with some attacks still taking place in late 2018 and into 2019. This comes as what seems to be an attempt by the Islamic State to spread the fight in a losing war. Some experts are saying that IS is in its final hour and, being fundamentalists, are now taking as many victims as possible with them. Their tactics in Egypt have failed, especially over the past 18 months as they have come under the heavy hand of the law.
It has been shown that the IS, the Islamic State group, the self-described future leader of the Muslim World, is now in a struggle to stay alive itself. IS has been under attack in Syria, Iraq and neighboring states from a wide range of opponents including the US, Russian, Syrian and other forces that have worked to break down its ability to stay generate funds from its underworld economy. The evidence suggests that IS is holding onto its last towns, and could be completely destroyed by the end of 2019. There were several high-profile cases in 2016 and 2017 in which the Islamic State attacked Coptic Christians in Egypt in a series of church bombings that resulted in the deaths of 45 Christians with hundreds suffering injuries.
The answer from the Egyptian government has been issuing out death sentences to 19 attackers and sending 19 more to prison for life sentences. Courts have handed out sentences of 10 to 15 years to many others in 2018 and now into 2019. Egypt also suffered an attack on a cathedral complex in its capital, Cairo, in which 25 people were left dead. This was surely a factor that has put the Egyptian government on a path of rounding up suspects who may be tied to IS or other fundamentalist states.
In November of 2018, more Coptic Christians were attacked as they made a pilgrimage to a monastery. In this attack 7 were killed and again, this has put the Egyptian leadership on watch. Now many Christians in Egypt, fear the future. Between 10 to 15 percent of Egypt`s population is Christian and most belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, down from 20 percent of the total population only 30 years ago before the intimidation and attacks on them and their churches started.